Are There Different Types Of Alcoholics

In the past, identification methods for alcoholic subtypes focused on drinkers who were hospitalized or receiving some other type of medical treatment. The identification of alcoholism subtypes helped reduce the harmful stigma attached to alcoholism. The factors that should be considered when categorizing the different types of alcoholics are listed below. An example of a person who is classified as an intermediate familial alcoholic is someone who grew up in a family where heavy drinking is practiced and adopted this drinking behavior later in life. Of this type, about76% are maleand only7.6% have received a college degree, although another13.4% are still in school. Approximately47% are employed full time.Family incomes average around $32,000, the lowest among the subtypes alongside the chronic severe subtype.

Or maybe you’ve realized that just because you have a successful career and loving family doesn’t mean you aren’t a functional alcoholic after all. One of the biggest differences between this subtype and Young Adult Alcoholics is the fact that a Young Antisocial drinker tends to have a much higher rate of drinking in their family and of experiencing mental disorders. This type of alcoholic can be especially prone to antisocial and dangerous behavior, run-ins with the law, developing additional mental disorders, and having overlapping substance use problems. Many people do not realize that there are different types of alcoholics.

The 7 Types of Alcoholics

Periodic inebriety often takes the form of temporary insanity, in which the drinker’s behavior is characterized by mania, violence, or impulsive criminal behavior. In 1876 the association established the Quarterly Journal of Inebriety, which, over a period of 38 years, published numerous articles by leading physicians from the United States and abroad about the different forms of alcoholism. Similar societies formed in England, under Norman Kerr’s leadership, and in France, under Valentin-Jacques Magnan’s direction.

types of alcoholics

Most people think of an alcoholic as someone whose life is falling apart because of their alcohol use. But in fact, many individuals suffering from alcohol use disorder are known as functional alcoholics or high-functioning alcoholics. These types of drinkers often have much higher rates of family alcohol abuse than other alcoholics their age. According to study data, about 47% of them will have both a first and second-degree family member with an alcohol use disorder. The only category higher than that is the Young Antisocial Alcoholic by about 5%. They’re more likely than any other subtype to be employed full-time but have less income than the functional subtype.

Types of alcoholics

This subtype will typically be middle-aged, and half will have a familial link to alcoholism. Around 50 percent of intermediate familial alcoholics will also have suffered from depression and 20 percent from bipolar disorder. While over 6 percent of the American adult population suffers from AUD, only about 10 percent of those who need help for alcohol abuse and addiction actually seek out professional treatment,NIAAApublishes. By better understanding the different types of alcoholics, treatment methods can be better fitted to the individual, making them more desirable and effective for a healthy recovery.

What are the 4 types of drinker?

  • Social drinking. To date, nearly all the research on drinking motives has been done on teens and young adults.
  • Drinking to conform.
  • Drinking for enhancement.
  • Drinking to cope.

This means most alcoholics – and their subtypes – were never represented in earlier research. Alcoholics who fit into the young adult subtype are most likely to be male, as men are 2.5 times more likely to experience this type of alcoholism than women. Only8.7%of young adult alcohol dependents have ever sought treatment for their drinking problem.

Functional Alcoholic

When they drink, their maximum number of drinks is 17, the highest of any subtype of alcoholic. Nearly 90 percent of adults in the United States report drinking alcohol in their lifetime, as of the national survey in 2015, theNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publishes. Alcohol is a common and socially acceptable mind-altering substance that many people consume on a regular basis with few issues.

  • Most smoke cigarettes and almost one-fifth also abuse cocaine and marijuana.
  • The study also demonstrated, however, that various typological criteria other than gender—such as psychopathology, sex-linked physiological characteristics, and socially defined gender roles—could better explain these differences.
  • The researchers stated that among this type of person with an alcohol addiction, there’s only a 31% chance that either first or second-degree family members will have struggled with the same disease.
  • Treatment providers can connect you with programs that provide the tools to help you get and stay sober.

And given that this type of alcoholic is usually only in their mid-20s, it can set them on a path that is highly destructive both to themselves and to the people and things that they care about most. About 20% of college students meet the criteria for an alcohol use disorder. The study itself, which has been peer-reviewed and was printed in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence in 2007, points out that these five subtypes replace the traditional model where alcoholism was a single indivisible type.

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